The Industrial Revolution spurred the growth and expansion of many nations all across the world. However, The Industrial Revolution did have some bad effects on the workers.
The Industrial Revolution improved the efficiency and overall effectiveness of how things were made. For example, Eli Whitney's cotton gin, helped gather cotton faster from the fields (which was a slow and tedious process by hand). The cotton from the fields was then sent through other inventions such as the spinning jenny, which could weave cloth faster and on a much bigger scale. These inventions helped keep up with the large supply and demand. This supply and demand was hard to keep up with, but America soon became the cotton capital of the world because of Whitney's invention.
Another positive that came out of the Revolution is that the factory system was introduced. The factory system paid workers by the hour and not by the amount produced, so the wages were more even. Employers today still pay their employers by the hour. With the factory system came mass production of goods that could be used in the country and also exported to other countries for their goods.
The Industrial Revolution offered jobs to a wide variety of people giving those with less skill better oppurtunities. People who were inexperienced and did not learn a trade from an apprentice, were not left out for their inexperience. They could learn how to work a machine at a factory in a matter of days.
Improvements were made on communication throughout the world. Such as Samuel Morse's telegraph, which was able to communicate with other people across continents. Transportation was improved with the introduction of steam powered engines. Steam locamotives were invented and so were steam powered ships.
The Industrial Revolution did offer more job opportunities for people. However, the people who did take these jobs were often children and women. They were usually paid unfairly for their labor and received lower wages than men.
Because a lot of kids took jobs when they were young, they failed to receive a good education.
The hard hours the workers were given were usually long and grueling.
The Industrial Revolution made many countries become wealthy. But because so many countries became wealthy, tension and rivalries started between them.
Working in the factories was not always safe. And often people were injured on at work with no hope for receiving pay during their recovery period.
Overall, the Industrial Revolution did impat the world. Whether it be good or bad. The new inventions that were made could work harder and more efficiently; They could keep up with the supply and demand of the world, allowing global population to prosper. But the working hours were hard and tiring, and people did go on strike. However, from the times of strike, unions followed as a result. Unions protected the rights and safety of the workers and still exist to this day. So, overall, even though the Industrial Revolution did have its negatives, everything turned out okay in the end.